and the United States increased 135 percent—roughly the same as that of the world as a whole. Yet the average annual rates of population growth varied markedly (see ). China's average growth rate rose from less than 1.0 percent in 1950 to over 3 percent in the 1963, interrupted by declines during the “Great Leap Forward” of the late 1950s and the early 1960s. The high birth rate was the response of the population to the huge losses of life during the Great Famine and was a catch-up in births to replace the children who died or who were not born in those years. The birth rate has since declined steadily, to 2.7 percent in 1970, 1.25 in 1980, and an estimated 0.9 percent in 2000. By contrast, India's rates of population growth have remained high, rising from an average annual growth rate of 1.7 percent in 1950 to 2.3 percent in 1970 (U.S. Census Bureau, 2000). A decline in recent decades brought the rate down to 1.9 percent in 1990 and an estimated 1.6 percent in 2000. In the United States, the average annual growth rate of 1.7 percent in 1950 and 1960 declined to 1.3 percent in 1970 and 1.0 percent in the 1980 and 1990. By 2000, the rate of population growth of 0.9 percent in the United States was the same as that of China but much lower than the 1.6 percent for India. But even India's growth rate had come down below the level that the U.S. rate was in 1950.
More important than the density of each country as a whole is the spatial variation within the country. The Tri-Academy Project studied six regions that are at or above the average population density of the nation in which they are located. The primarily agricultural regions, the Jitai Basin and Haryana, are close to the national averages for China and India, respectively. The two urban regions, the Pearl River Basin and the Chicago metropolitan area, show high densities as would be expected. The other two regions, Kerala and South Florida, have particular circumstances that lead to unexpected results. Although South Florida is 96 percent urban and is densely settled along the coasts, much of the inland area is reserved for national parks and conservation areas. As a result, the average density is as low as that of the Jitai Basin. At the other extreme, Kerala, which is only 26 percent urban, has a dense system of village settlements that results in a population density almost as high as those of the Chicago and Pearl River Delta regions.
In China, the population is concentrated along the coast of China
The most significant thing that I’ve learned is that the coverage of distribution can be viewed ranging from intensive to selective to exclusive distribution.
What are the Factors Affecting Population Distribution
1. The annual growth rate of China’s population has slowed remarkably in the past 10 years compared with the previous decade;
2. The percentages of both working age and aged sections of the populations grew, while the proportion of children aged under 14 fell, indicating an overall aging of the population;
3. Education levels rose and literacy rates continued to increase;
4. The urbanization process is faster than expected, with 50% of the total population living in urban environments;
5, The percentage of permanent residents in developed coastal provinces grew, while it fell for those in underdeveloped heartland provinces.
Population Pyramids: China - 2016
As the world moves into the twenty-first century, one major reason for concern is not just the current population density level but also the rate at which it has been increasing over time. From 1950 to 2000 the world's population density more than doubled, from 20 persons to 46 persons per square kilometer. The population density of the United States increased somewhat more slowly, from 17 persons per square kilometer in 1950 to 30 by 2000—an increase of roughly 75 percent. During that period the population density of China increased 125 percent, from 60 to 135 persons per square kilometer, and India's population density increased over 175 percent during the last half-century, rising from 124 persons per square kilometer in 1950 to more than 341 in 2000 (U.S. Census Bureau, 2000).
Exploring Chinese History :: Culture :: People :: Population
The census figure showing China’s urban population had reached 666 million, or 49.68% of the total population, reveals that China still has a long way to go to reach that standards of both developed countries and other emerging market economies. Also, the income disparity between city and rural workers continues to grow. The figures indicate that there is considerable capacity for improvement, and consequent further urbanization. But conversely in comparison to capacity, the urbanization rate will slow down in the near future, thus decreasing its contribution to economic growth.