This is what he suggests about the theory of retribution.

Several theories have been developed to describe the real theme and working of Restorative Justice. Among them, the most important is 'Control Theory' hypothesizing that state intervention should be strongly related to the community efforts of reform. Theory of neutralization argues that a main aspect in providing opportunity to offender for committing crime was that many techniques of neutralization have been employed to minimize the overall effects of the criminal actions. The theory of abolitionism stresses on replacing state control with more control by society creating personal relationships, harmony, and solidarity. (Zehr, 1990)

Towes, B 2004, Critical Issues in Restorative Justice, Criminal Justice Press

Firstly, this essay will define how eyewitnesses and their testimonies are used within the criminal justice system and the current debate surrounding its usage....


Restorative justice is a non-retributive approach.

It will emphasize restorative justice, examining how it reduces school bullying and aggression.

Although many process, protocols, and scientifically reforms have been adopted, criminal justice practitioners and senior level leaders provide are continuously developing and revitalizing policies to foster cultural competence while ensuring public safety standards through law enforcement....


Retributive Justice Free Essays - StudyMode

Retributive justice is a theory of justice that considers punishment, if proportionate, to be the best response to crime. When an offender breaks the law, s/he thereby forfeits or suspends her/his right to something of equal value, and justice requires that this forfeit be enacted.

More about Essay on Retributive Justice: ..

The practices of restorative justice have been proven very successful for minor offences among adults and youth in bringing together the offenders, victims, and the community....

Essay on Restorative Justice - 1522 Palabras | Cram

At the moment, the criminal justice system is based on retributive justice over restorative justice; this is where a lawbreaker receives punishment in proportion to the crime inflicted (Milovanovic, 2007) and is given back what they have given the victim: harm (Koneke, 2011)....

Essay on History of Restorative Justice ..

AB - Based on experiments in social evolution theory and game theory, this chapter argues two points: (a) the success of social groups depends on having punishers, and (b) punishers are supplying a public good, since those who cooperate but do not punish outperform those who cooperate and do punish. If we were simply forward-looking in our reasoning, as in the simple instrumental theory of rationality-if all payoffs are either current or anticipated, and not tied to past action-social cooperation would be a mystery. The chapter shows that for societies to thrive in the presence of noncooperative "free riders," it needs some members who are motivated to punish the free riders without instrumental justification-that is, as a matter of (evolved) sentiment or instinct rather than calculated, rational, utility-maximizing action. This, according to the chapter, accounts for both the existence of retributive "tastes" as well as their importance to social cooperation.

Punishment through Retributive Justice System essay …

Foucault’s insights arose from a historical, socioeconomic, andpsychodynamic approach to punishment. Professed goals of punishment,norms constraining the use of power in the pursuit of these goals, theaspiration for justice in punishment—all these, if Foucault isright, turn out to mask other (not necessarily conscious) intentionsamong reformers that belie the ostensible rationality (not to sayrationalization) of their aims since the Enlightenment. Thus, themovement against capital punishment in the late eighteenth century isnot to be explained (or, presumably, justified) by the influence ofconscious, rational utilitarian calculations of the sort that Beccariaand Bentham argued had persuaded them to oppose the death penalty(Bedau 1983, Maestro 1973). It is explained instead by disenchantmentwith the theatrical, dramaturgical, aspects of public executions and aself-deceiving humanitarian impulse that merely shifted but otherwiseleft unaltered the nature and locus of the power wielded over criminalsby society—perfectly embodied in Bentham’s visionary carceralscheme, the notorious Panopticon prison (Semple 1993).