This tendency reveals itself in the growing mania for photography (invented 1839), the tendency toward hyper-realistic paintings and sculpture, the continuing rise of the popular prose novel, the growth of "realism" in philosophical movements, and in the increasingly realistic stage productions during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
The main principles of realism as the artistic trend are: rationalism, rational psychologism (the identification of psychics and consciousness); the truthful, comprehensive description of historic events, typical people in the typical circumstances); the principle of conformity to the reality; the emotions and behaviour and actions of the character are explained by his origin, social status and the conditions of his life; dramatizing as one of the main methods of the creation of the artistic truth; free composition of texts and pieces of visual art; the prerogative of the prose genres of literature and the reduction of popularity of lyrics; the solution of the problems on the basis of the general human values. Realism must not be confused with naturalism which appeared several decades later, because realism is the description of the typical situations of the real life and naturalism is the certain moment captured from this life and described with the extreme precision.
02/04/1998 · Magic Realism - Essay
Realism is one of the trends of arts which are worth the student’s research. The young person is able to dwell on the principles of realism, study the most distinct characteristic features of the trend and prepare a quality term paper observing the issue in detail. It is important to present the history of realism, its development, the reasons of its popularity, the differences and similarities with other styles of arts, etc. The student is asked to provide the professor with the definite examples of realistic pieces of visual arts and literature. One is able to demonstrate the brightest examples of literature and arts from different countries and compare them.