Judyth supposedly learned Russian because the conspirators who were controlling her demandedthat she do so, but she could never give a coherent account of why they would do that. But aworse problem stems from the fact that Judyth maintains that both she and Lee were beingcontrolled, at the time they met, by the plotters. The mystery is why the plotters would notsimply invite both to (say) the , sit them down and say “Judyth, this is Lee. Lee,meet Judyth.” Why did they meet in a vastly improbable chance encounter? Or if the encounterwas “set up” (as Judyth claims to suspect), why such an elaborate plot to have them meet? Andwhy would Judyth speak Russian to a random stranger at the post office?
Unlike Russell’s views about the importance of education, the preciseconnection between Russell’s political activism and his moretheoretical work has been more controversial. In part, this has beenbecause Russell himself repeatedly maintained that he saw nosignificant connection between his philosophical work and hispolitical activism. Others have seen things differently. One of thebest summaries is given by Alan Wood:
In Praise of Idleness By Bertrand Russell
In 1961, Russell was once again imprisoned, this time for a week inconnection with anti-nuclear protests. The media coverage surroundinghis conviction only served to enhance Russell’s reputation and tofurther inspire the many idealistic youths who were sympathetic to hisanti-war and anti-nuclear message. Beginning in 1963, he began work ona variety of additional issues, including lobbying on behalf ofpolitical prisoners under the auspices of the Bertrand Russell PeaceFoundation.
Bertrand Russell: the everyday value of philosophy | …
Such critical skills, grounded in knowledge, include: (i) the ability to form an opinion for oneself, (5) which involves, for example, being able to recognize what is intended to mislead, being capable of listening to eloquence without being carried away, and becoming adept at asking and determining if there is any reason to think that our beliefs are true; (ii) the ability to find an impartial solution, (6) which involves learning to recognize and control our own biases, coming to view our own beliefs with the same detachment with which we view the beliefs of others, judging issues on their merits, trying to ascertain the relevant facts, and the power of weighing arguments; (iii) the ability to identify and question assumptions, (7) which involves learning not to be credulous, applying what Russell calls constructive doubt in order to test unexamined beliefs, and resisting the notion that some authority, a great philosopher perhaps, has captured the whole truth.
Bertrand Russell: the everyday value of philosophy ..
On the epistemological side, Russell argues that it is also importantto show how each questionable entity may be reduced to, or defined interms of, another entity (or entities) whose existence ismore certain. For example, on this view, an ordinary physical objectthat normally might be thought to be known only through inference maybe defined instead
One Day Essay: BERTRAND russell sceptical essays 1928 …
Believing that one central purpose of education is to prepare students to be able to form "a reasonable judgment on controversial questions in regard to which they are likely to have to act", Russell maintains that in addition to having "access to impartial supplies of knowledge," education needs to offer "training in judicial habits of thought." (4) Beyond access to such knowledge, students need to develop certain skills if the knowledge acquired is not to produce individuals who passively accept the teacher's wisdom or the creed which is dominant in their own society.